How Much Living Space Do I Need for a Cat?

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Do you want to be a pet parent but aren't sure if you have the room? How much space is needed for a cat, anyway? Having cats in small apartments is possible! You might be surprised at how little room cats need to be comfortable — in fact, cats love curling up in small spaces.

Here are tips for making the most of your space while accommodating your kitty's needs.

How Much Space Does a Cat Need?

It might be hard to believe, but even a 300-square-foot apartment can be big enough for a cat. But, while cats require little room, you do need to make sure that the spaces you allot for them adequately meet their needs.


Cats like to dine in peace, away from high-traffic areas and, more importantly, away from their litter box. Try placing their food bowl against a wall in the kitchen or under a table. Another option is to set up their eating station on a kitchen counter; if you do this, just make sure you can keep it safe and sanitary for you and your kitty. It's vital to keep human food out of your pet's reach, especially any foods that might be particularly toxic to your cat. And make sure to choose a spot that's easy for you to clean, as there will often be spillage.


Large orange cat hides on pile of clothes in a dark closet.Your kitty will most likely want to sleep on your bed — but if you want them to have their own sleeping spot, choose a pet bed with flexible walls. That way, it can be placed in a small space, such as a closet, under your bed or in an empty cubby on a bookshelf. Cats love to curl up and hide in small spaces that are out of the way of foot traffic. You get to save on square footage while giving your cat a cozy place to chill out.

And to avoid spending extra, consider making a DIY cat bed with cuddly blankets or even old sweaters.

Using the Litter Box

Much like their pet parents, cats value privacy and easy access to the bathroom, explains Dr. Nina Beyer, a veterinarian at Greenfields Veterinary Associates, LLC. So, look for spaces in your apartment that offer seclusion and convenience — such as the bathroom, a utility closet or an empty lower cabinet or shelf (as long as it's well-ventilated.). Make sure to keep their litter box away from their food. Much like you, they do not like to do their business where they eat. If you have a larger apartment or house, you will likely want to have a couple of litter boxes throughout the house.


Once you have designated areas for your cat's eating, sleeping and bathroom needs, consider where to set up a play area for your kitty.

Orange and white kitten lays on the ground with a cat toy.Play and exercise are very important to your cat's well-being and, luckily, don't require much space. After all, a cat can be entertained by simply playing with a ball of paper. Dedicate a small basket to your cat's favorite toys that you can stow away when company comes over.

Cats instinctively scratch and the best way to prevent them from using your furniture as a scratching surface is to give them an alternative. While cat trees and posts may be too large or cumbersome for a small apartment, you can make a DIY cat scratching post with rugs or sturdy cardboard.

Having Multiple Cats in Small Apartments

Having two cats is great because they can keep each other company. But before jumping into parenting two kitties, consider whether you can provide for the needs of both pets.

Keep in mind, for example, that you'll need to keep up with litter box duties for two. While the ASPCA recommends that every cat have their own box, it's fine for two cats to share one if you don't have space for two boxes. Just be sure to scoop out the box at least once per day, if not more.

By making good use of the space you have, you'll be able to comfortably care for your new furry family member.

Contributor Bio

Christine O'Brien

Christine O'Brien

Christine O'Brien is a writer, mom, and long-time cat parent whose two Russian Blues rule the house. Her work also appears in, What to Expect, and Fit Pregnancy, where she writes about pets, pregnancy, and family life. Find and follow her on Instagram and Twitter @brovelliobrien.

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